Three faulty genes found to be possible cause of painful bone disease
SCOTLAND Researchers at University of Edinburgh announced that they have discovered three defective genes that could help people suffering from a painful bone disease known at Paget’s disease.
Edinburgh researchers tested 300 thousand gene variations and all known human genes during a study of 750 individuals with the disease. Of the 750 patients, 104 were found to have a family history of the bone condition.
Prior to this study, only one gene was known to be in conjunction with one third of people suffering.
Researchers are now aware of three defective genes associated with the disease. Analyses as to why these particular genetic defects are a cause are currently underway.
Study: Misunderstanding of OTC cold product directions common
ELK GROVE VILLAGE, Ill. A study published Tuesday on the journal Pediatrics’ Web site determined that misunderstanding of dosage directions for pediatric over-the-counter cold products is common and could result in harm if medications are not given appropriately.
Researchers, however, used “old” kids cough-cold labeling as part of the study — labeling that advises parents to “consult a physician” in children under the age of 2. Today, kids’ cough-cold medicines advise parents to “not use” any cough-cold product in children under the age of 2; the industry voluntarily removed all products carrying the previous label recommendation from store shelves in fall 2007. And in January 2008, the Food and Drug Administration made it official — no kids’ cough-cold product could be marketed to children under the age of 2.
“While this study focuses on products that are not available, it does shine light on an issue that is still very germane,” commented Heinz Schneider, VP science and medical affairs, Consumer Healthcare Products Association. “In contrast to the artificial scenario created by the study authors who asked a small cohort of caregivers to look only at the front of product packages to determine appropriate use, the makers of OTC medicines want to remind parents to read the entire label before giving any medicine to a child. There is no substitute for reading and following the OTC Drug Facts label. The label provides specific dosing instructions, including when to contact a doctor for more information.”
Researchers interviewed 182 caregivers of infants of less than 1 year in age; 87% were the infants’ mother, the mean education level was 12.5 years and 99% had adequate literacy skills, though only 17% had greater than 9th-grade mathematical skills.
When examining the front of the product label, 86% of the time parents thought these products were appropriate for use in children less than 2 years of age. More than 50% of the time, parents stated they would give these OTC products to a 13-month-old child with cold symptoms. Caregivers were influenced by the dosing directions only 47% of the time.
WRatings Corp. reveals Colgate-Palmolive as top consumer goods co.
HERNDON, Va. The wRatings Corp., an independent stock research firm, last month revealed the results of the 2009 “Most Competitive Retail & Consumer Goods” study, finding that the recession has had a significant impact on consumer shopping behavior; 55% of the consumer-packaged goods companies among the top 20 rankings traded spots, with Colgate-Palmolive laying claim to the top spot.
“The competitive companies remaining in first quarter 2009 are on track to emerge from the recession with greater customer and economic strength than their rivals,” wRatings stated. “Various reasons exist for their durability, but most critical are access to real-time data along with the ability to transform your business faster than ever before.”
To arrive at the rankings, wRatings asked consumers how well companies meet their expectations every quarter. The consumer ratings are categorized by nine competitive moats, or barriers to entry companies create to protect against rivals taking their customers and, ultimately, their profits. Each W Score blends a company’s historical economic profit with its competitive moat scores.
Top 20 Most Competitive Consumer Goods Companies:
1. Colgate Toothpaste2. Mountain Dew/Diet MD3. Budweiser/Bud Light 4. Vaseline5. Kellogg Cereals6. Sam Adams/SA Light7. Weight Watchers8. Kleenex Tissue9. Clorox Products10. Gildan Activewear11. NIKE Products12. Marvel-Branded Products13. Coke/Diet Coke14. Crocs 15. Pepsi/Diet Pepsi16. Hormel Foods17t. Heelys17t. HNI Office Furniture 19. L’Oreal 20. Newport Cigarettes