PHARMACY

Study suggests link between diabetes, sleep apnea

BY Alaric DeArment

NEW YORK A British study led by researchers at Oxford University indicates that diabetes could be linked to obstructive sleep apnea and retinopathy.

Research presented last week at the American Thoracic Society’s 105th international conference in San Diego showed that 54% of the 118 men with Type 2 diabetes who had OSA also had retinopathy, compared with 31% of those without OSA.

Moreover, the presence of retinopathy was independent of other factors such as hypertension, blood glucose control, body mass index or the amount of time the patients had the disease.

“We know from our earlier research that 23% of men with Type 2 diabetes have OSA, and this is under-recognized and under-treated,” Oxford Centre for Respiratory Medicine researcher and lead study author Sophie West said in a statement. “This study suggests that OSA is linked to retinopathy in Type 2 diabetes.”

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Study: Insomnia costs U.S. economy $42 billion a year

BY Alaric DeArment

NEW YORK Insomnia costs the U.S. economy $42 billion a year, according to a report released Wednesday.

The report, sponsored by drug maker Sanofi-Aventis and the Center for Medicine in the Public Interest, shows that many of the estimated 70 million cases of insomnia among Americans remain undiagnosed and untreated.

People with insomnia miss work twice as often as those without it and cost employers about 4.4 days of wages per untreated individual every six months. In some industries and professions, this can have particularly harmful effects: Professionals in training working in health care on recurring 24-hour shifts with little sleep make 36% more serious medical errors and as many as five times as many serious diagnostic errors than those limited to 16 hours.

“We should treat insomnia as it should be treated: a serious medical condition that has significant health and economic implications,” CMPI VP Robert Goldberg said. “Like other chronic diseases, insomnia has been managed according to the cost of treating patients instead of the cost the disease exacts on individuals, employers and society.”

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NABP recommends state boards of pharmacy require PTCB certification

BY Alaric DeArment

WASHINGTON An organization that certifies pharmacy techs has heralded a recommendation by one of its parent organizations that encourages state boards of pharmacy to require certification.

The Pharmacy Technician Certification Board announced Wednesday that the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy recommended state boards of pharmacy to require PTCB certification.

The NABP will amend its Model Act to recommend that all boards of pharmacy require certification of pharmacy technicians by 2015, in accordance with the JCPP Future Vision of Pharmacy Practice.

The PTCB said that part of ensuring that pharmacy technicians meet standards of accountability is implementing a standard measure of competency. According to a poll that the organization commissioned in 2007, 91% of American consumers support strong, nationwide regulations to require training and certification of pharmacy technicians.

“The task force’s latest encouragement of this standard reinforces PTCB’s place as the strongest certification program available for pharmacy technicians,” PTCB executive director and CEO Melissa Murer Corrigan said. “Having consistent requirements for pharmacy technician certification in every state is an important first step towards meeting the high standard of safety that patients expect and deserve.”

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