Nutritional formula used to treat children with IBD possibly shows negative effects
NEW YORK Medication used to treat patients with inflammatory bowel disease showed possible negative side effects in children and teens dealing with the disease.
Research by Raanan Shamir of Tel Aviv University’s Sackler School of Medicine and Schneider Children’s Medical Centre was inspired by the problem of malnutrition and growth retardation in children battling IBD. Steroids and other biological agents, the most common treatment for IBD, were having an adverse affect on the children’s growth, despite their effectiveness in adult patients.
The answer was a specially designed powder that contains all the daily nutrients a person needs. Aboard spacecrafts, astronauts dine on this nutritional powder mixed with water. The study showed that such a nutritional formula that was first developed for astronauts could be another path to treating IBD in children. This supplement puts 60% to 70% of children with Crohn’s disease, a common IBD disorder, into remission, a success rate similar to that of traditional steroid-based drugs, but without side effects.
The next step in his research, said Shamir, is to “define exactly the role of nutrition in inducing remission in these patients, and the role of nutrition in maintaining remission.”
Dr. Shamir recently reported his research in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition.
CDC: H1N1 surges on through the spring, possibly summer
ATLANTA The novel H1N1 virus still is proliferating, even this late into the spring, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Thursday during a press conference.
“As the summer is approaching, influenza season has normally ended by now. However, the novel H1N1 influenza transmission continues in the United States,” said Daniel Jernigan, deputy director of the influenza division at the CDC. “There are two areas of the country that continue to see increased numbers of patients in the clinic with influenza-like illness, [and] both of those are in the northeast part of the United States.”
Although, overall, there continues to be influenza activity reported in 17 states.
“The United States will likely continue to see influenza activity through the summer, and at this point, we’re anticipating that we will see the novel H1N1 continue with activity probably all the way into our flu season in the fall and winter,” Jernigan said. “There is a potential for this fall that we might have multiple sub-types circulating,” he added, especially as the novel virus circulates through a typical flu season across the southern hemisphere. “In the past with pandemic strains, [there] has been a replacement [virus],” he said, such as the pandemics in 1918, 1957 and 1968. “But right now, we don’t have enough information to say that there is a replacement occurring. And at this point, we are expecting — at least planning — that there will be multiple sub-types that are circulating at the same time this fall.”
As of Friday, the CDC reported 21,449 confirmed cases throughout the states and United States territories, up some 20.2% from the number of confirmed cases reported last week, including 87 deaths. New York leads the nation with the number of deaths at 24, followed by Texas with 10.
“There are some surveys that indicate that the amount of disease in the areas that are having activity with H1N1 is perhaps around 7% of the population reporting symptoms due to influenza-like illness,” Jernigan reported, so the number of confirmed cases may still be significantly under-representative of the actual number of patients who have contracted the novel H1N1 virus. “The virus continues to impact mostly younger people. So far it is not causing significant illness and death in the elderly like we would see with seasonal influenza. And the symptoms that are being reported are consistent with influenza, [those] being predominantly fever, cough, some shortness of breath, fatigue and chills,” Jernigan said, as well as some vomiting and diarrhea.
In addition, some 81 healthcare professionals also have tested positive for the novel H1N1 virus, so far. The CDC successfully tracked 26 of those professionals prior to May 13, and determined that roughly half of them contracted the virus at their workplace.
“[One] point that’s made in this report is related to the infection control measures that are used to prevent exposure of healthcare personnel to influenza,” commented Mike Bell, associate director for infection control at the CDC. “Probably the single most important thing is that infectious patients be identified at the front door. Whether these patients are coming in through the emergency department or the ambulatory care clinic, identifying them up front is essential so healthcare personnel know that they should be doing the things that we recommend; that consistent application of precautions is important to make sure that there isn’t occupational exposure.”
Select Rite Aid stores to host Diabetes Solutions Days
CAMP HILL, Pa. Select Rite Aid stores nationwide will host Diabetes Solutions Days on June 23 and 25, the chain announced Thursday. Consumers attending the events will be provided with diabetes-related health screenings and self-management solutions. The events include blood pressure screenings, personal pharmacist consultations and glucose meter selection and training. There also will be product coupons and samples of the latest products in at-home diabetes care, and visitors can enter a raffle at each location for a $50 Rite Aid gift card.
The free events and store locations are listed online based by zip code at www.riteaid.com; events run from 2 p.m. to 6 p.m., do not require an appointment and are part of Rite Aid’s year-round focus helping diabetes patients take the best care of themselves, the chain stated.
“The key to effective diabetes management is to understand the condition’s symptoms and treatments,” stated Robert Thompson, Rite Aid SVP pharmacy. “On Diabetes Solutions Day, patients can consult with trained Rite Aid pharmacists on their diabetes symptoms and treatment regimens, as well as sample the latest techniques in at-home monitoring.”
A free 16-page Diabetes Guide, developed with the American Diabetes Association, will be available in all Rite Aid stores, and identifies the risk factors for pre-diabetes and diabetes. It includes information on weight management and diabetes-friendly recipes. The guide also provides advice and safe treatment options on such health conditions as gum disease, dry eyes and wound and foot care, all of which can be especially harmful to people with diabetes if left untreated.